Face

Skin Types

Skin types:

 

Normal

Oily Dry

Combination

 

 

Look and Feel

–          Smooth texture

–          Rosy and clear surface

–          Fine pores

–          No visible blemishes, greasy patches or flaky areas

–          No severe sensitives

–          Shiny skin

–          Thick skin complexion

–          Large pores

–          Dull

–          Lack of elasticity

–          Flaky

–          More visible lines

–          Skin seems to be paper thin

Combination of normal, dry and oily patches on the skin

 

Most often people refer to the T-zone; however, possible combinations are numerous

 

Underlying issues

 

Balanced sebum production, moisture content, keratinization and desquamation

 

 

Hightened sebum production:

 

Increased amount of lipids on the skin due to overactive sebum gland

Impaired barrier function due to:

–          Low level of sebum production : lack of oil

–          Lack of moisture in corneous layer

 

Lack of lipids means that the skin   has a hard time retaining moisture and building protective shield against external influences

 
 

Prone to

 

Normal skin is not equal to perfect skin. Normal skin can have occasional sensitivity and blemishes

 

Going off balance but that is personal and depends on the contributing factors (see below)

 

–          Clogged pores

–         Inflammations and irritations due to clogged pores

–          Acne

 

 

 

 

 

–          Irritated and flaky skin

–          Dehydration

–          Sun damage and hyperpigmentation due to lower skin barrier

–          Fine lines and wrinkles

 

 
 

Skincare tips

 

 

 

–          Try to avoid oil based products, emollients, heavy creams

–          Water based products might be more suitable

–          Do not overdo it with drying ingredients like facial acids

–          Incorporate oil based products in your skincare routine as they are gently enough, rich   and soothing

–          Make sure to hydrate your skin

Choose skincare products based on the skin type you want to target
 

Anticipated aging

 

  –          Fewer wrinkles and fine lines

–          Due to thick skin complexion ageing will be apparent mostly due to muscle deformation

–          Facial muscles tend to stay in place

–          Ageing is apparent mostly due to numerous fine lines throughout the face

 

 

Skin types and skincare products:

It is essential to know your skin type because different skin types require different skincare approach and product formulations. For example, even though many skin types require the same active ingredients (such as sunscreen agents, antioxidants, cell-communicating, etc), the base and delivery agents (cream, lotion, gel, oil, serum, etc) should correlate with the needs of your particular skin type.

 

Please do keep in mind that if you want to create balanced skincare routine, you should consider two key factors:

 1)         You need to incorporate hydration as well as lipid barrier protection in your routine

2)          You need to identify which active ingredients you need and their solubility (whether they dissolve in water or oil) 

 

 

Skin types vs Skin Conditions:

Speaking about skin types, it is important to mention popular confusion of skin types and skin conditions.

 

Skin type

Skin condition

Determined by –          Genetics

–          Size of sebatious gland

 

–          Genetics

–          Hormones

–          Environment

 

To be more precise, dry and oily skin can be a skin type but can also be a skin condition that is caused or made worse by genetics, hormones, environment or personal habits. Following are the factors contributing to the oily and dry skin condition:

 

Dry

Oily

 

Hormones

 

–          Aging (All skin types tend to get dryer with age)

–          Hormonal changes

 

–          Puberty

–          Hormonal imbalances

–          Stress

 

Environment

 

–          Weather (wind, sun, cold)

–          Hot indoor temperature

–          UV radiation from tanning beds

–          Sun exposure

–          Heat

–          Too much humidity

 

 

Personal habits

 

–          Long, hot baths and showers

–          Washing face with hot water

–          Harsh ingredient impair protective barrier function

–          Poorly formulated skincare products

–          Diet lacking fat and lipids

–          Dehydration : Overall lack of water

–          Dehydration : lack of water (Overproduction of oil can be skin’s protective reaction from dehydration)

–          Drying ingredients in skincare products may trigger the skin to work harder at producing oils, resulting in oilier skin

 

 

Medical

 

–          Eczema

–          Allergic reaction

–          Dermatitis

The list is long and is better addressed by the doctor

 

 

How can you determine your real skin type(s)?

There are numerous suggestions online saying that you should:

  1. Clean your skin with a gentle natural cleanser
  1. Leave your skin as is for 2 hours. You do not have to worry about toners or any other products. Your skin will naturally restore its pH balance within 20 min – 1 hour
  1. Examine your skin

 

I am a huge fan of all things in DIY series; however, in this case, I would prefer assessment done by a professional. My personal preference would be to have a consultation with cosmetic dermatologist in order to evaluate the skin, identify its needs and consider skin care options / alternatives.

 

 

Thanks for reading,

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